Anxiety depression is a collection of varied mental illnesses that associated with both abnormal fear and anxiety. These illnesses include panic, phobic and anxiety disorders. All these illnesses present different symptoms and are treated in different ways. Anxiety disorder is characterized by endless anxiety and usually chronic. Patients exhibit persistent worry and fear, which is unfounded. Panic disorder differs from anxiety disorder in that it is characterized by intense apprehension and terror that is equally unfounded. Patients suffering from panic disorder often tremble and have difficulty in breathing. Unlike the other two illnesses, phobic disorder is a type of anxiety depression that is triggered by a particular situation. There are also other minor types of anxiety depression including obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Anxiety depression is caused by varied factors including biological and stress factors. Biologically, low levels GABA type of neurotransmitter has a negative effect on the central nervous system by reducing the systems activity, which leads to anxiety. Stressful situations in life including disease and financial worries are major causes of anxiety depression amongst adults. Those in old age diagnosed with dementia are usually at risk of developing this condition. Diagnosing anxiety depression in the elderly is usually a big challenge considering the fact that there are other symptoms associated with old age that are similar to the presented by the condition.
Anxiety depression can set in at an early age and remain dormant, only to be triggered in adulthood by a particular event. High stress levels in particular is associated with flare ups of the condition, in which case one is bound to experience general body fatigue, sexual dysfunction, excessive sweating, muscle spasms and in extreme cases, development of hypertension.
Proper diagnosis is usually very important for effective anxiety depression treatment. This is usually a challenge considering the fact that this condition can go undetected in primary health care facilities where patients only go to obtain treatment for generalized symptoms such as those presented by clinical depression.
Several treatment options are available for dealing with the condition. Psychotherapy therapy is usually a highly recommended treatment. In particular, cognitive behavioral and interpersonal therapies have been found to be very effective in helping patients recover. Medications can also be used alongside the therapies for effective treatment. Medications are particularly beneficial in dealing with resultant symptoms. Such anti-depressant medications include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Benzodiazepines and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Alternative treatment options available include aerobic exercises that improve sleep pattern.